Brightest Stars

The Brightest Stars (from Wikipedia) – this is the master list I will focus on.  Stars that are completed will be highlighted GREEN and have links to the associated article on the LeisurlyScientist web site.

For comparison, the non-stellar objects in our Solar System with maximum visible magnitudes below +2.50 are the Moon (−12.92), Venus (−4.89), Jupiter (−2.94), Mars(−2.91), Mercury (−2.45), and Saturn (−0.49).

V Mag.
(m)
Bayer designation Proper name Distance (ly) Spectral class SIMBAD
0 −26.74 Sun 0.000 016 G2 V
1 −1.46 α CMa Sirius 8.6 A1 V Sirius A
2 −0.72 α Car Canopus 310 F0 Ib Canopus
3 −0.27 α Cen AB (α1,2Cen) Rigil Kent, Toliman[3][note 1] 4.4 G2 V, K1 V Alpha Centauri
4 −0.04var α Boo Arcturus 37 K0 III Arcturus
5 0.03 α Lyr Vega 25 A0 Va Vega
6 0.08 α Aur Capella 42 K0 III, G1 III Capella A
7 0.12 β Ori Rigel 860 B8 Ia Rigel
8 0.34 α CMi Procyon 11 F5 IV-V Procyon
9 0.42 var α Ori Betelgeuse 640 [4] M2 Iab Betelgeuse
10 0.50 α Eri Achernar 140 B6 Vep Achernar
11 0.60 β Cen Agena, Hadar 350 B1 III Hadar (Agena)
12 0.77 α Aql Altair 17 A7 V Altair
13 0.77 α Cru Acrux 320 B0.5 IV, B1 V Acrux A
14 0.85 var α Tau Aldebaran 65 K5 III Aldebaran
15 1.04 α Vir Spica 260 B1 III-IV, B2 V Spica
16 1.09 var α Sco Antares 600 M1.5 Iab, B3 V Antares
17 1.15 β Gem Pollux 34 K0 III Pollux
18 1.16 α PsA Fomalhaut 25 A3 V Fomalhaut
19 1.25 α Cyg Deneb 2,600 A2 Ia Deneb
20 1.30 β Cru Mimosa, Becrux[note 1] 350 B0.5 II, B2 V Mimosa
21 1.35 α Leo Regulus 77 B7 V Regulus
22 1.51 ε CMa Adara, Adhara 430 B2 Iab: Adara
23 1.58 α Gem Castor 52 Am, A1 V Castor
24 1.62 λ Sco Shaula 700 B2 IV Shaula
25 1.63 γ Cru Gacrux 88 M3.5 III Gacrux
26 1.64 γ Ori Bellatrix 240 B2 III Bellatrix
27 1.68 β Tau El Nath 130 B7 III El Nath
28 1.68 β Car Miaplacidus 110 A1 III Miaplacidus
29 1.70 ε Ori Alnilam 1,300 B0 Ia Alnilam
30 1.70 ζ Ori A Alnitak 820 O9.7 Ib, O9 III, B0 II-IV Alnitak A
31 1.74 α Gru Alnair 100 B7 IV Al Na’ir
32 1.76 ε UMa Alioth 81 A1 III-IVp kB9 Alioth
33 1.78 γ2 Vel Suhail, Regor 840 WC8, O7.5e Gamma2Velorum
34 1.79 α UMa Dubhe 120 G9 III, A7.5 Dubhe
35 1.80 ε Sgr Kaus Australis 140 B9.5 III Kaus Australis
36 1.82 α Per Mirfak 590 F5 Ib Mirfak
37 1.84 δ CMa Wezen 1,800 F8 Ia Wezen
38 1.85 η UMa Benetnasch, Alkaid 100 B3 V Benetnasch (Alkaid)
39 1.86 θ Sco Sargas 270 F0 II Sargas
40 1.86 ε Car Avior 630 K3 III, B2 Vp Avior
41 1.90 γ Gem Alhena 100 A1.5 IV+ Alhena
42 1.91 α Pav Peacock 180 B2 IV Peacock
43 1.92 α TrA Atria 420 K2 IIb-IIIa Atria
44 1.96 δ Vel Koo She 80 A1 Va(n), F2-F5 Delta Velorum
45 1.97 var α UMi Polaris 430 F8 Ib Polaris
46 1.98 β CMa Mirzam 500 B1 II-III Murzim
47 1.98 α Hya Alphard 180 K3 II-III Alphard
48 2.00 α Ari Hamal 66 K1 IIIb Hamal
49 2.01 γ1 Leo Algieba 130 K0 III, G7 IIIb Algieba
50 2.04 β Cet Deneb Kaitos, Diphda 96 K0 III Deneb Kaitos
51 2.05 κ Ori Saiph 720 B0 Iab: Saiph
52 2.06 σ Sgr Nunki, Sadira 220 B2.5 V Nunki
53 2.06 θ Cen Menkent 61 K0 III Menkent
54 2.06 α And Alpheratz, Sirrah 97 B8 IV Alpheratz
55 2.06 β And Mirach 200 M0III Mirach
56 2.08 β UMi Kochab 130 K4 III Kochab
57 2.10 α Oph Rasalhague 47 A5 V Ras Alhague
58 2.12 var β Per Algol 93 B8 V Algol
59 2.13 β Gru 170 M5 III Beta Gruis
60 2.14 β Leo Denebola 36 A3 Va Denebola
61 2.15 γ And Almach 350 K3 IIb, B9.5 V, B9.5 V, A0 V Almach
62 2.17 γ Cen Muhlifain 130 A1IV, (A0III/A0III) Muhlifain
64 2.21 ζ Pup Naos, Suhail Hadar 1,400 O4 If(n)p Zeta Puppis
65 2.21 α CrB Alphecca, Gemma 75 A0 V, G5 V Alphecca
66 2.23 λ Vel Suhail 570 K4.5 Ib-II Lambda Velorum
67 2.23 γ Dra Eltanin 150 K5 III Etamin
68 2.23 ζ1 UMa Mizar 78 A2 Vp, A2 Vp, A1m, A5 V Mizar
69 2.23 δ Ori Mintaka 900 B0 III, O9 V Mintaka
70 2.24 γ Cyg Sadr 1,500 F8 Ib Sadr
71 2.25 α Cas Schedar 230 K0 IIIa Schedar
72 2.25 ι Car Aspidiske, Turais 690 A9 Ib Aspidiske
73 2.27 β Cas Caph 54 F2 III Caph
74 2.27 ε Cen 380 B1III Epsilon Centauri
75 2.28 α Lup Men, Kakkab 550 B1.5 III Alpha Lupi
76 2.29 δ Sco Dschubba 400 B0.3 IV Dschubba
77 2.29 ε Sco Wei 65 K1 III Wei
78 2.32 η Cen Marfikent 310 B1.5Vne Eta Centauri
79 2.35 β UMa Merak 79 A1 IVps Merak
80 2.37 α Phe Ankaa, Nair al Zaurak 77 K0.5 IIIb Ankaa
81 2.38 κ Sco Girtab 460 B1.5 III Girtab
82 2.39 γ Cas Tsih, Navi 610 B0.5 IVpe Gamma Cassiopeiae
83 2.39 ε Boo Izar 202 K0 II-III, A2 V Izar
84 2.40 ε Peg Enif 670 K2 Ib Enif
85 2.40 η CMa Aludra 2,000[5] B5 Ia Aludra
86 2.42 β Peg Scheat 200 M2.5 II-IIIe Scheat
87 2.43 γ UMa Phecda 84 A0Ve Phecda
88 2.43 η Oph Sabik 49 A1 V, A3 V Sabik
89 2.44 α Cep Alderamin 49 A8 Vn Alderamin
90 2.46 κ Vel Markeb 540 B2 IV Kappa Velorum
91 2.49 α Peg Markab 140 B9 III Markab
92 2.50 ε Cyg Gienah 72 K0 III-IV Gienah
93 2.50 β Sco Acrab 404 B1V, B2V Acrab

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